Answers Relating to Substance Abuse

Drug consumption in South Africa is double in comparison to world standards.The lack of vision and identity combined with the emotional need to belong somewhere drives people to look for purpose and self-worth in dysfunctional relationships and all kinds of addictive behaviour.
1 What are the most common Substance Addictions?
The most common substances people abuse are
  • Alcohol
  • Cigarettes
  • Dagga
  • Cat
  • Meth
  • Heroine
  • Cocaine
  • LSD
  • Ecstasy
  • Amphetamines
  • Painkillers
  • Cough Syrup
  • Schedule medication and steroids
2What are the most common Behavioral and Impulse Control based addictions?
Here is a list of common impulse control based addictions.
  • Social media, technological, gaming
  • Sexual misconduct and gender confusion
  • Shopping
  • Pornography
  • Self-mutilation
  • Eating disorders, over exercising
  • Aggression (explosive, kleptomania, pyromania)
  • Gambling
  • Depression (internal)
3What are the most common Behavioral signs of an addict?

The difficulty in looking for addiction symptoms is that, for a time, the behaviour of an addict is often seen as normal. Someone who is addicted to drugs may simply be seen as partying more. A person who is addicted to gambling may just be seen as blowing off some steam. But in actual fact, when scrutinised, these people are really showing signs of addiction.

Any time someone continuously chooses an action, behaviour or substance to the exclusion of everything or someone else, this person is likely an addict.

Most addicts go through a period where they deny their addiction symptoms. It is often up to those around them to spot the addiction signs early and try to persuade the addict to get help. Addictive behaviours are some of the most obvious signs of addiction and can often be seen as obsessions or compulsions.

4What changes in Behavior to expect?
  • Obsessing about the addiction. For example, always talking about it and trying to get others to do it with them.
  • Seeking out and engaging in the addiction, over and over, even if it hurts themselves or others
  • Not being able to control the addictive behaviors
  • Engaging in more of the addiction than desired
  • Denial of addictive behaviors and the existence of a problem
  • Hiding of the addiction behaviors
  • Failure when attempting to stop addiction; relapse
  • Financial problems
  • Craving
5More changes in Behavior to expect?
  • Compulsivity
  • Fixation on addiction
  • Loss of control over addiction
  • Psychological or physiological withdrawal if not engaging in addiction
  • Feeling a need to engage in the addiction more and more
  • Low self-esteem
  • Feeling a loss of control
  • A history of abuse
  • Depression or another mental illness
6What common symptoms are there for Alcohol?
Making excuses for drinking such as relax, deal with stress or feel normal
  • Closing drinking over other responsibilities and obligations
  • Drinking alone or in secrecy
  • Becoming isolated and distant from friends and family members
  • Financial problems, borrowing money
7What common symptoms are there for Drugs?
  • Bloodshot or glazed eyes
  • Dilated or constricted pupils
  • Abrupt weight changes
  • Problems sleeping, or sleeping too much
  • Financial problems, borrowing money
  • Increased aggression and irritability
  • Changes in attitude and personality
  • Lethargy
  • Depression
  • Sudden changed in social network
  • Dramatic changes in habits/or priorities
  • Involvement in criminal activity (lying and manipulation)
8 What common symptoms are there for Prescription Drugs?
  • Continued use of the drug even after the pain it was prescribed for has ceased
  • Complaining about vage symptoms to get more medication
  • Secretive of deceitful behaviour in order to obtain the drug such as stealing prescriptions, forging them, losing them and having multiple prescriptions for more than one doctor or buying or selling them on the street
  • Using prescription pills prescribed for others
  • Physical withdrawal symptoms when doses are missed, flu like symptoms such as joint and muscle aches, night sweats and insomnia are very common, in fact any major increase and decrease of sleep are signs of prescription drug addiction
  • Acting extremely hyper or revved up, or acting sedated and stuporous
  • Using more than the recommended amount of medication
  • developing a high tolerance so that more pills are needed for the same effect
  • Financial problems, borrowing money
  • Past history of drug addiction and poor decision making in general
9What common symptoms are there for Steroid abuse?
  • Acne
  • Rapid muscle/weight gain
  • Enlarged breasts (in men)
  • Paranoia
  • Hyperactivity
  • Facial hair growth (in woman)
10What common symptoms are there for Gambling addiction?
  • Lying
  • 'Chasing' losses
  • Borrowing money
  • Always betting more
  • Being obsessed with gambling
  • Being unable to stop
  • Gambling out of need
  • Gambling to forget
  • Stealing or committing fraud to be able to gamble
  • Gambling because 'it is the most important thing in the world'
11What common symptoms are there for Impulse Control disorders?
  • Irritability
  • Agitation
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Isolating oneself from friends and family
  • Lowered feeling of self worth
  • Random episodes of emotional detachment
12What common symptoms are there for Eating Disorders?
  • Constant or repetitive dieting (cal counting)
  • Evidence of binge eating
  • Hoarding of food, wrappers in strange places
  • Evidence vomiting or laxative abuse
  • Excessive or compulsive exercise patterns
  • Making list of good and bad foods
  • Changes in food preferences
  • Avoidance of all social situation involving food
  • Frequent avoidance of eating meals by excuses
  • Strong focus on body shape and weight
  • Development of repetitive or obsessive body checking behaviours
  • Fainting, dissyness, fatigue
  • Fear of gaining weight
  • Depression or anxiety around meal times

In the House

How many people are busy with their restoration journey.

Success Rate

Members who completed the program from start to finish.